Orthopedic Surgeon Procedures: Minimally Invasive Surgery

Have you recently been told you need orthopedic surgery? Fear not, there are many new advances in orthopedic surgery that make surgery safer and more effective than before.

Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is a surgical technique that involves the use of small incisions, specialized tools, and a camera to perform surgical procedures with minimal disruption to surrounding tissues. MIS has revolutionized the field of surgery and has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its many advantages over traditional surgery. Here's what you need to know about MIS and its benefits.

What is Minimally Invasive Surgery

Minimally invasive surgery is different from traditional “open surgery” where there is a large incision. There are a host of different surgical techniques that are considered minimally invasive, but within orthopedics, arthroscopic surgery is one of the most common types.  Arthroscopic surgery is done through two small incisions with a camera on the end of the surgical instrument. This lets surgeons see what is happening inside the body while minimizing open wounds and scarring.

Types of Minimally Invasive Surgery

There are several types of minimally invasive surgery, including:

  1. Laparoscopic surgery: This type of surgery is commonly used to treat conditions of the abdominal and pelvic areas.

  2. Endoscopic surgery: This type of surgery is used to treat conditions of the digestive tract, respiratory tract, and urinary tract.

  3. Robotic surgery: This type of surgery involves the use of a robotic system to perform the surgery with more precision and control.

What Types of Conditions Can be Treated by Minimally Invasive Surgery?

Many injuries and conditions that require surgery can be done using minimally invasive techniques. Orthopedic surgery was the first subspecialty to begin using the technique. this type of surgery is becoming more common for major surgeries like the heart and brain as well! A few categories to mention include:

What Are the Benefits of Minimally Invasive Surgery?

Minimally invasive surgery is one of the greatest advances in surgical techniques due to the many benefits to the patients.

What is Different Between Minimally Invasive Surgery v. Open Surgery

In traditional open surgery, surgeons make a large incision to see the affected area. They then use surgical tools to mend and then sow the area back up. This leaves room for infection and can make the recovery time much longer. With minimally invasive surgery, particularly within orthopedics, an arthroscopy makes two small incisions and inserts tubes with a camera on the end. The camera becomes the eyes of the surgeon and guides them on where to go by displaying it on a monitor at eye level to the surgeon.


What Surgeons Do Minimally Invasive Surgery?

If your orthopedic surgeon specializes in acute joint injuries, they typically will do arthroscopic surgery. The exception to that within orthopedics would be a joint replacement procedure. A joint replacement procedure (particularly the knee) is not considered minimally invasive due to the nature of the surgery.

At Elite, the following doctors use minimally invasive surgery to treat patients:

What Are Other Common Questions About Minimally Invasive Surgery?

What types of procedures can be performed using minimally invasive surgery?

Minimally invasive surgery can be used to perform a wide range of procedures, including gallbladder removal, hernia repair, joint replacement, heart surgery, and many others.

How long does it take to recover from minimally invasive surgery?

Recovery time can vary depending on the type of procedure and the patient's overall health. However, patients who undergo minimally invasive surgery typically have a faster recovery time compared to those who undergo traditional surgery.

Is minimally invasive surgery safe?

Like any surgical procedure, there are risks associated with minimally invasive surgery. However, because it involves smaller incisions and less tissue damage, the risks of complications are generally lower compared to traditional surgery.

Will I be awake during minimally invasive surgery?

Most minimally invasive surgeries are performed under general anesthesia, which means that you will be asleep during the procedure. However, some procedures can be done using local anesthesia or conscious sedation, which allows you to remain awake but relaxed.

How do I prepare for minimally invasive surgery?

Your doctor will provide you with specific instructions on how to prepare for your procedure. This may include fasting before the surgery, stopping certain medications, and arranging for someone to drive you home after the procedure.

Will I have scars after minimally invasive surgery?

While minimally invasive surgery does involve small incisions, the scars are typically much smaller and less noticeable compared to traditional surgery. Additionally, some procedures can be done using only one small incision, which can further reduce the appearance of scars.

How can I ensure a successful recovery after minimally invasive surgery?

To ensure a successful recovery, it's important to follow your doctor's instructions closely. This may include taking medication as prescribed, resting as needed, and avoiding strenuous activity until cleared by your doctor. Additionally, attending follow-up appointments and physical therapy sessions can help you recover more quickly and effectively.


Overall, minimally invasive surgery offers many advantages over traditional surgery and has become a popular choice for many patients. If you are considering surgery, talk to your doctor about whether minimally invasive surgery is an option for you.



Cassie Whittaker Cassie is the Communications Coordinator for Elite Sports Medicine + Orthopedics. She has been writing and reviewing medical content since 2020. https://www.linkedin.com/in/cassie-whittaker-802a3b173

You Might Also Enjoy...

Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Doctor vs. Podiatrist

Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Doctor vs. Podiatrist

When you have a problem with your foot or ankle that requires medical attention, who do you see for treatment — an orthopedist or a podiatrist? Many people think a podiatrist is the same as an orthopedist, but there are several significant differences betw
Orthopedic Surgeon Completing Arthroscopic Procedure

What Is an Orthopedic Surgeon?

Orthopedic surgeons treat conditions in the knee, shoulder, elbow, back, hand, foot, and more. Learn more about orthopedic surgery and how you can find the best doctor near you. Elite has 12 highly skilled orthopedic surgeons in Nashville, TN.
Pictured: Back doctor giving diagnosis

The Back Doctor - What You Should Know

Do you need to see a back doctor in Nashville, TN? Our team of fellowship-trained orthopedic surgeons include some of the best spine specialists near you. Learn about symptoms and prevention of back pain and back conditions.
Hand Pain May Lead You to a Hand Doctor

The Hand Doctor - What You Should Know

Do you need to see a hand doctor in Nashville, TN? Our award-winning orthopedic surgeons include some of the best hand specialists near you. Check out this guide to see if you could live a lower pain lifestyle.