Finger Dislocations: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

x-ray of a dislocated finger

Finger dislocations can be quite distressing, resulting from the forceful displacement of the bones in the finger joint from their normal position. These dislocations commonly occur as a result of sports injuries, falls, or accidents. They not only bring about significant pain but also hinder everyday tasks like gripping and grasping objects. To gain a comprehensive understanding of finger dislocations, including their symptoms and treatment options, read on.

What Causes a Finger Dislocation?

Finger dislocations can be attributed to various factors, such as sudden impacts or forces directed at the hand, commonly experienced during sports activities or falls. Additionally, overuse or repetitive motion, particularly in activities that involve gripping or grasping objects, can also lead to finger dislocations. Individuals with conditions like arthritis or hypermobility syndrome may have an increased susceptibility to such dislocations.


The symptoms of finger dislocations may vary depending on the severity of the injury. However, there are several common indications to watch out for, including:

In some instances, a finger dislocation can cause damage to the surrounding ligaments, tendons, or nerves.

Treatment Options

If you suspect a finger dislocation, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention. Typically, the treatment for a finger dislocation involves the reduction of the dislocation and immobilization of the affected finger joint. This procedure should be performed by a medical professional, who may employ a splint, cast, or tape to keep the finger in its proper position.

Following the immobilization, a physical therapist may recommend exercises and stretches specifically designed to enhance the range of motion and strengthen the affected finger joint. In certain cases, surgery may be required to repair any damage caused by the dislocation.

Preventing Finger Dislocations

Although it can be challenging to completely prevent finger dislocations, there are proactive steps that can minimize the risk of such injuries. These preventive measures include:

In conclusion, finger dislocations can be both painful and disruptive to daily activities. Seeking prompt medical attention and adhering to the prescribed treatment plan can help alleviate pain and restore functionality to the affected finger joint.

Our board-certified hand doctors in Nashville, Tennessee are experts in treating finger and hand injuries. 

Cassie Whittaker Cassie is the Communications Coordinator for Elite Sports Medicine + Orthopedics. She has been writing and reviewing medical content since 2020.

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